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Building C 69, El-Shatr El Asher-Zahraa El Maadi

Cairo -Egypt

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In fact, the Egyptian revolution has stated three years before January 2011 when some protests and clashes took place in several cities around Egypt in April 2008.

Many Egyptians believe that the incident of the brutal murder of Khaled Said by the police in before the Egyptian revolution was the incident that triggered the Egyptian people to revolt against the ruling regime of Hosni Mubarak and the National Democratic Part that ruled Egypt for more than 30 years.     

The State of Emergency and the bad treatment of the police:

The State of Emergency Law number 162 of the year 1958 was activated in 1967 and except a period of 18 months in the beginning of the 1980s this law was applicable in Egypt until the revolution of January 2011.

According to the provisions of this law, the authority of the police was expanded and the Egyptian citizens, under this law, had no constitutional rights.

The State of Emergency law restricted any non governmental political activities like organizing protests, unlicensed political organizations, non registered donations of any sort, and any other political activities that might be considered to be opposing the ruling of the National Democratic Party and the regime of Hosni Mubarak.    

In accordance with the Stare of Emergency Law, more than 17,000 citizens were captured and put in prison as the State of Emergency Law gave the police the right to imprison any citizen for an unidentified period and without no clear given reasons.  The imprisoned citizen, according to the same law, had no right to defend himself and the government can keep him in prison for any periods of time.

The previous Egyptian parliament, which was dominated by the members of the ruling party of Egypt, reactivated the State of Emergency Law in 2010 for another period. The fact that made the Egyptian people feel greatly discontented towards the governmental authorities and contributed in triggering the Egyptian Revolution of the 25th of January.

Among the most important reasons behind the Egyptian revolution of the 25th of January were the cruelty and the brutality of the Egyptian police.

Many Egyptians suffered from injustice and from the police abusing their human rights through being captured, imprisoned, and in sometimes murdered like Khaled Saied who was killed by a number of policemen in the 6th of June 2010.   

The presidency of Hosni Mubarak

Hosni Mubarak, the former Egyptian president, remained as the ruler of Egypt from the year 1981 until he stepped down due to the Egyptian Revolution in the 11th of February after 18 days of protests.

Mubarak, the National Democratic Party, and the whole regime was highly criticized, especially during the last 10 years, for being corrupted and as a consequence many negative characteristics started increasing in the Egyptian community including the decrease of the education level, the high percentage of unemployment, and the spread of crimes from several types  among the Egyptians, especially the youth.  

Everyone would have to admit that during the reign of Hosni Mubarak, the political corruption in Egypt became a whole system of governing and anyone who objected to this ruling system was sent to jail and many political activists were imprisoned in illegal places because those citizens did not have legal charges to be judged upon.

The Transparency International, an international organization that monitors all sorts of corruption in its report of 2010 has rated Egypt as 3.1 according to the corruption of the country which is considered a very high rate of corruption.

By the end of 2010, more than 40% of the Egyptian people were living under the poverty line which means that they have less than two dollars a day as a national income

Many political experts believe that the Parliamentary elections that were carried out about two months before the protests took place were a major reason behind the occurring of the Egyptian revolution of the 25th of January. This was because the National Democratic Party, the ruling party at the time, took 97% of the number of seats of the parliament.

This fact meant that the Egyptian parliament had no presence of a real opposition voice against the ruling party and meant that the National Democratic Party would be solely ruling Egypt. This made the Egyptian people feel frustrated and this election was clearly rigged because it contradicts with what really the Egyptian street wishes for.

The National Democratic Party was famous for buying the votes of many Egyptian citizens that prefer to give them his or her voice in return for money or some food due to the high level of poverty they were suffering from.

The social media channels, especially the Facebook and Twitter, played a crucial role in the break out of the Egyptian revolution. Many pages and groups on the Facebook were created to encourage the people to protest against the corrupt and unjust rule of Hosni Mubarak and the whole regime.  

Maybe this was why the Egyptian authorities cut down the internet and the mobile services on Friday, the 28th of January, the Friday of Rage as many people prefer to call it and many activists believe that this was actually the real beginning of the Egyptian revolution.

Being called in many occasions as the revolution of the youth, a lot of youngsters participated in spreading awareness among the Egyptian people asking them not to be silent and passive towards a system that has been making use of Egypt for not less than two decades.  

Many youth, from both sexes, were shot, captured, and murdered during the Friday of Rage. Tear bombs were thrown everywhere in Egypt and a curfew was imposed.  In the same day, the Egyptian policemen withdrew from their positions and the Egyptian military forces took their place in protecting Egypt.

Many gangs and thugs escaped the prison and a state of insecurity went all over Egypt.

However, thanks to the Egyptian people who created a security check point almost in every street and in front of every house to protect their belongings and their families against any threat.  

Even when a huge number of thugs attacked the protesters in the Tahrir Square, with horses, camels, and edged weapons, in what was named afterwards as the “battle of the camel”, this didn’t change anything in the will of the Egyptians and didn’t prevent them from fighting for their freedom.   

On the 17th day of Revolution, the 17th of February 2011, finally one of the most important demands of the Egyptians was met and the president Hosni Mubarak stepped down, and on that country fell under the authority of the Supreme Council of the Egyptian Armed Forces.

The Egyptian people felt as if they were dreaming because many people believed that it would be extremely hard to make a change in Egypt, but thanks to the youth and thanks to god, at the very end victory was granted to the will and the power of the unified Egyptians.

After the 2nd of February, the main epicenter of the Egyptian revolution, Tahrir square in Cairo, remained the focus of the protesters until last 13th of April, when the former president and his sons, with many other politicians, ministers and business men have been trialed and put under custody for 15 days, with allegations of corruption, abuse of power, and killing of peaceful protestors.

The Role of Oriental Tours in the Egyptian Revolution

Believing in the objective of the Egyptian revolution, and being an active member in the Egyptian community, Oriental Tours played its role in the Egyptian revolution through curing and assisting the Egyptian youth who sacrificed a lot for their country.

Moreover, we went on fulfilling our position as one of the leading travel agencies in Egypt by creating and participating in many charity activities to provide the poor of the country with their all their needs.

Oriental Tours is well known for being one of the travel companies in Egypt that care for the Egyptian community and for preserving the Egyptian environment. We protect our environment as best as we can by only using the environment friendly vehicles and boats.

We only hire Egyptian guides, and Egyptian employees in general, with high education and exceptional linguistic and communication skills in order to provide working opportunities for the youth of Egypt.

The Egyptian Revolution, the People want to overthrow the regime

The Egyptian Revolution was a peaceful uprising that started in the 25th of January of the year 2011 in the day specified by the Egyptian authorities to celebrate the Egyptian Police Day.

Maybe this was the reason why many opposition parties and independent movements like Kefaya, Six of April, and many independent youth through the social media networks like the Facebook and Twitter called for an uprising in that same exact day as an objection towards the poor political, economic, and living conditions in the country because of the corruption of the former president of Egypt, Hosni Mubarak and his ruling regime.   

The Tunisian revolution that overthrew the former Tunisian president, Zein El Abdeen Ben Ali, has also encouraged the Egyptian people to revolt and ask for their rights in “Bread, freedom, and social justice”, which was considered like a slogan for the Egyptian revolution.